Aredline, as if drawn by God’s own hand, traced the exact route of the Hebrew Exodus. Theredline entered theseaat Nuweiba on the Gulf of Aqaba, and emerged again on the other side inSaudiArabia. And get this – theseaarea in between these tworedlines is precisely where our teams discovered the Egyptian chariot and skeletal remains.
(Don Kopp is an American Senator, his son was in the flying division in this article.)
This story came out on the Discovery channel in about 1992,
NASA refuses to confirm or deny those photo’s as being authentic.
Typical NASA on confirming any of their photo’s taken that were involved in any war,
NASA would also never release anything “anti evolutionary” or slightly implying the existence of
A Creator or Designer. See the page ‘God’s Immense Creation’.
Crossing the Red Sea by Don Kopp
It’s 1:30 a.m., February 12, 1991. Twenty-five thousand feet below the A10 Warthog lies the Iraqi desert, chilled to a temperature of 25° F. The A10 rolls out from its lofty perch, silently dropping to an attack altitude of less than 250 feet off the desert floor. The pilot flicks on the infrared gun-site and arms the awesome 30mm Gattling gun. He mutters to himself, “Yep, there they are, lined up like a shopping mall parking lot.”
Six months prior to this encounter, Saddam Hussein parks 1,500 heavy tanks on the border between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Hussein has crushed the tiny oil-producing country of Kuwait and now appears ready to invade the oil-producing giant with which it shares a common border.
Alarmed by ominous signs of another invasion by the Iraqi strongman, the United States responds by deploying its elite 32nd Airborne Division to Saudi Arabia. Saddam Hussein continues to threaten the Allies with “the mother of all wars” as he steadfastly builds and reinforces his huge military machine along the Saudi border.
By mid October it is discovered that Iraq has been burying these heavy tanks in the sand, leaving only the gun turrets sticking out. It is Saddam’s intention to use these tanks, spread out along the Saudi border, as a line of artillery. By camouflaging the guns and turrets sticking above the ground, Iraq effectively made these units invisible from the air and any ground surveillance units.
November 1990, America shifts its Keyhole-satellite into position over the Iraqi desert. The 55-feet-long, 12-ton spy satellite takes pictures of the cold desert floor during the twilight hours. “Big Bird,” as the ground crews call it, has infrared scanners capable of detecting a temperature difference of only 1/2 degree from its lofty perch of 155 miles.
Originally designed to detect underground missile silos (a silo’s temperature is slightly warmer than the surrounding earth), it was placed into position to take pictures of the buried tanks. The tanks would heat up during the hot daylight hours and continue to hold heat long after the rest of the desert cooled during the night. The buried tanks showed up on the satellite photo like neon signs. The exact location of each tank was then plotted on a target map and given to American and British pilots who systematically eliminated them.
However, Big Bird photographed more than buried tanks. To everyone’s amazement, a thin red line (heated areas show up as red on infrared photos) coming from the ancient site of Rameses in the Land of Goshen (Egypt), ran eastward, skirting the East Side of the Red Sea. “So God led the people around the desert road toward the Red Sea” (Exodus 13:18).
The line went first to Succoth, lying just northeast of Rameses. It was Here the children of Israel, as they left Egypt, first stopped and Collected the bones of Joseph (Exodus 13:19, 20). The line then extended over the high plateau of the Sinai Peninsula, finally dropping down onto what is today called The Gulf of Aqaba, the easternmost finger of the Red Sea.
One need only look at map of this area to realize that the children of Israel were now trapped. In front of them was the Red Sea Coming from behind them to the northwest was Pharaoh’s army. They had been led by God Himself into what appeared to be a trap.
But, the thin red line emerged from the east side of the Red Sea and continued onward, eventually ending up in present day Saudi Arabia at the foot of a 3,465 foot mountain known as “Jabal al Lawz” (Mountain of God)-the real Mount Sinai!
The satellite photo team stared incredulously at the photo! A red line, as if drawn by God’s own finger, traced the exact route of the exodus. When the Gulf war finally ended, archeologists went back into the region to discover how it was possible for a 3,500-year-old trail to exist well enough to show up on satellite photos.
They found that a million plus people, with all their livestock, pulverized the desert sand into a fine, flour-like powder. During the desert nights, the humidity rises to levels of near 100%, thus wetting the powdery sand, making a concrete-like substance. Through the years, this highway was buried by shifting sands, protecting the trail from the elements. During the day it would heat up like the tanks, and being more dense than the surrounding sand, continue holding the heat longer into the cold nights! A coincidence? Not even!
Remember what God told Moses to say to Pharaoh 3,500 years ago, “But Indeed for this purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth” (Exodus 9:15, 16)
August 1978– Ron Wyatt formulates his theory about Mount Sinai To provide some background, in 1978, Ron and his 2 sons had found several remains of ancient Egyptian chariots in the finger of the Red Sea known as the Gulf of Aqaba. With the discovery of the location of the Red Sea crossing site, Ron knew that Mount Sinai had to be in NW Saudi Arabia, on the opposite shore. He studied maps of the region and determined that the mountain that appeared to be the best candidate for Mount Sinai was Jebel el Lawz. 1979– Ron Wyatt meets with journalist Rene Noorbergen at the crossing site Ron told journalist, Rene Noorbergen, about these remains and explained to him that he believed these marked the location of the Red Sea crossing site and further explained his belief that Mount Sinai was most likely Jebel el Lawz. Mr. Noorbergen wrote a detailed explanation of Ron’s theory in his book, “Treasures of the Lost Races”, published by The Bobs-Merrill Co., Inc., Indianapolis/New York, copyright 1982. The following are some quotes from pages 163-165: “The theory on which Ron Wyatt was basing his exploratory trip into the Middle East was founded on two very obvious points made by Flavius Josephus and recorded in the Bible….Wyatt reasoned therefore that the Israelites had crossed the Sinai from west to east and had finally reached an area on the eastern coast (Gulf of Aqaba) where the mountain range met the sea…. Interestingly, not far from the opposite shore is a mountain known as Jebel el Lawz, a steep, forbidding peak. Is it perhaps possible that this is the Mt. Sinai that Moses speaks of? There are many different theories regarding the possible location of the real Mount Sinai, and Ron Wyatt’s location wasn’t all that farfetched…. ” 1979- 1983 Ron applies numerous times for a visa to enter Saudi Arabia Ron wanted to explore the area around the base of Jebel el Lawz to look for evidence and applied for a visa to visit Saudi Arabia. For 4 years he continued to apply but never received any acknowledgment at all. December 1983- Ron Wyatt and sons enter Saudi without a visa Finally, in Dec. 1983, he made the decision to try to enter the Saudi without a visa across the Jordanian border and go to Jebel el Lawz. He and his 2 sons crossed the border and managed to get transportation to the mountain. There, he saw the evidences which convinced him it was the true Mount Sinai. Unfortunately, he and his sons were arrested as they were returning to the border to cross back into Jordan. They were charged with being Israeli spies and held for 78 days. All their film and 8mm movies were confiscated. Ron saw enough evidence to absolutely convince him of the accuracy of the site, but he had nothing to prove it. April 1984- Ron and his sons are released from Saudi prison Upon their release in April of 1984, Bill Kurtis interviewed them on CBS Morning News the day after their return to the U.S. and Ron told about Jebel el Lawz. Portions of this interview can be seen on both our “Presentation of Discoveries” and our “Discovered- the Exodus” videos. Summer, 1984– A Saudi Bedouin prince calls and visits Ron in Nashville, TN. A few months after his return home, in the summer of 1984, a Bedouin prince from Tabuk (the nearest town to Jebel el Lawz) called Ron and asked to come to the U.S. and meet with Ron. Samran el Mutairy flew to Nashville and explained that he had learned about Ron’s claim that Jebel el Lawz was the true Mount Sinai AFTER Ron had been released. He went on to explain that the information that had been related to him by some of Ron’s interrogators had convinced him that there was a good possibility that there “was something” to his theory. He then asked Ron to return to Saudi as his official guest and take him to the mountain and show him the evidences. Ron told him he would consider it, but in light of his recent imprisonment there, he was not overanxious to return. March 1985– Ron takes the Saudi Bedouin prince to see the site he believed was Noah’s Ark in Turkey. Mr. David Fasold accompanies them. In early 1985, Ron was contacted by David Fasold. Mr. Fasold had called Col. Jim Irwin (the former astronaut) and told him he wanted to search for the ark in the lava flows at the foot of Mount Ararat using radar because he didn’t believe a ship could have survived on a volcanic mountain. Col. Irwin referred him to Ron because Col. Irwin was dedicated to searching on the mountain and was not interested in the project Mr. Fasold proposed. Mr. Fasold then called Ron. When Ron told him about the “boat-shaped” site, Mr. Fasold wanted to go to see it as soon as possible. Ron agreed to go in late March of 1985. Ron invited Samran, the Saudi Bedouin prince, to join them in Turkey and go along to see Noah’s Ark, as Samran had expressed interested in seeing it. After they went to the “boat-shaped” site, Samran was very excited and had even more confidence in Ron’s claim about Jebel el Lawz after seeing the evidences for Noah’s Ark. He then persuaded Ron to return with him to Saudi and go to the mountain. Mr. Fasold was also invited although Ron had not discussed Mount Sinai with him. After his experience in prison in Saudi a matter of months earlier, Ron was happy when Mr. Fasold agreed to go since all expenses were paid by Samran. April 1985– Samran, Ron and David Fasold go from Turkey to Saudi They all three flew to Saudi and went to Samran’s home in Tabuk. Samran arranged for a large work crew to go to the mountain with them. Although the location of Jebel el Lawz was known by Samran, the area is extremely large and only Ron knew where he had found the archaeological remains. When they arrived in the general area of Jebel el Lawz, Ron was able to pinpoint the location he had seen the remains at the year before. They explored the entire area and archaeological remains extensively, photographing and videoing everything. They even did some limited excavation. But when they were ready to leave, just as feared, they were placed under house arrest and all their film and video was confiscated. The Saudis had brought in an archaeologist who verified the remains and it was deemed necessary ( by someone higher up) to keep the information confidential. Ron again had no photos or documentation to show others what he had found there. Continue to THE “DISCOVERY” BY LARRY WILLIAMS AND BOB CORNUKE…
ByAdam Eliyahu Berkowitz As researchers debate the location of Biblical Mount Sinai, the Saudi Arabian government is moving forward with plans for a mega-city built on top of one of the prime candidates. Last year, Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman announced plans to create a mega-city named Neom on the coast of the Red Sea. The plans for the city are ambitious indeed: at a cost of $500 billion, Neom will be 17 times the size of London and 33 times the size of Manhattan. The city will cover 10,230-square-miles extending 285 miles along the coast of the Red Sea and run entirely on renewable energy. The name “Neom” was constructed from two words. The first three letters form the Ancient Greek prefixneo-meaning “new”. The fourth letter is from the abbreviation of ArabicMostaqbalmeaning “future.” Though the designated area in northwest Saudi Arabia near the Jordanian border is relatively desolate and empty, conflict arose when several people asserted that one mountain, Jabal al Lawz (Mountain of Almonds) was where Moses stood when he received the Ten Commandments from the hand of God. In a recent documentary,Finding the Mountain of Moses, Ryan Mauro, National Security Analyst for the Clarion Project, warned of the dire consequences should the Saudi mega-city be built. Many scholars claim that Mount Sinai is in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt but Mauro rejected that claim based on the “more than 70 times the Bible says the Israelites went out of Egypt.” “If all of us don’t take action, Saudi construction in the area may destroy key evidence and prevent excavation for the foreseeable future,” Mauro said in his movie. Mauro is not alone in his assertion that Jabal al Lawz is the Biblical Mount Sinai. After visiting the site in 2018, Bible scholar and bestselling author Joel Richardson toldWND, “If those on the fence actually could visit the site, I guarantee they would be fully convinced, or 95 percent there.” “This is a mountain with a dark-colored basalt rock on the top, as well as a cave on its front – ‘the Cave of Elijah’ – with an altar at its base with bulls carved all over it, ‘the Golden Calf altar,’ he said. “It also has an animal corral and altar, and pillars at its base, consistent with God’s command to Moses to build at the base of the mountain,” said Richardson. Researchers have proposed about 20 different locations for Mt. Sinai and there is no consensus of opinion. Scholars fall into two camps: those who suggest sites found in the modern Sinai Peninsula and those who favor locations in Saudi Arabia. Of the five proposed locations in the Sinai Peninsula, Jebel Musa (Moses’ Mountain), the site of St Catherine’s monastery, is the most popular. In addition to the conflicting opinions, there is also some confusion as the location of the precise mountain. Jabal Maqlā (Burnt Mountain) located about four miles to the south, is often misidentified as Jabal al-Lawz by various authors such as Bob Cornuke, Ron Wyatt, and Lennart Moller as shown by local and regional maps. Mauro will be posting a website with a petition calling on the U.S. State Department and Saudi government to preserve the sites and have them put on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. Due to Saudi restrictions on visitors, the site is difficult to research and if the Saudi plans go through, it will be impossible. Newly discovered petroglyphs at the foot of mountain depict archers which Richardson claimed are based on a warning by Moses that anyone who set foot on the mountain would be shot with arrows. Another petroglyph depicts a seven-branched menorah which Richardson maintained indicates the ancient Hebrews visited the site. Consistent with the biblical account of water pouring out of the rock, there are clear signs of water erosion in an arid area where such erosion is evident nowhere else, said Richardson.
Saudi Arabia; Night with glowing city lights gives way to day. (Credit: Anton Balazh/Shutterstock.com)
Last year, Saudi Arabian Crown PrinceMohammed bin Salmanannounced plans to create a mega-city named Neom on the coast of the Red Sea. The plans for the city are ambitious indeed: at a cost of $500 billion, Neom will be 17 times the size of London and 33 times the size of Manhattan. The city will cover 10,230-square-miles extending 285 miles along the coast of the Red Sea and run entirely on renewable energy. The name “Neom” was constructed from two words. The first three letters form the Ancient Greek prefixneo-meaning “new”. The fourth letter is from the abbreviation of ArabicMostaqbalmeaning “future.” Though the designated area in northwest Saudi Arabia near the Jordanian border is relatively desolate and empty, conflict arose when several people asserted that one mountain, Jabal al Lawz (Mountain of Almonds) was where Moses stood when he received the Ten Commandments from the hand of God.
In a recent documentary,Finding the Mountain of Moses, Ryan Mauro, National Security Analyst for the Clarion Project, warned of the dire consequences should the Saudi mega-city be built. Many scholars claim that Mount Sinai is in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt but Mauro rejected that claim based on the “more than 70 times the Bible says the Israelites went out of Egypt.” “If all of us don’t take action, Saudi construction in the area may destroy key evidence and prevent excavation for the foreseeable future,” Mauro said in his movie. Mauro is not alone in his assertion that Jabal al Lawz is the Biblical Mount Sinai. After visiting the site in 2018,Bible scholar and bestselling author Joel Richardson toldWND, “If those on the fence actually could visit the site, I guarantee they would be fully convinced, or 95 percent there.” “This is a mountain with a dark-colored basalt rock on the top, as well as a cave on its front – ‘the Cave of Elijah’ – with an altar at its base with bulls carved all over it, ‘the Golden Calf altar,’ he said. “It also has an animal corral and altar, and pillars at its base, consistent with God’s command to Moses to build at the base of the mountain,” said Richardson. Researchers haveproposedabout 20 different locations for Mt. Sinai and there is no consensus of opinion. Scholars fall into two camps: those who suggest sites found in the modern Sinai Peninsula and those who favor locations in Saudi Arabia. Of the five proposed locations in the Sinai Peninsula, Jebel Musa (Moses’ Mountain), the site of St Catherine’s monastery, is the most popular. In addition to the conflicting opinions, there is also some confusion as the location of the precise mountain. Jabal Maqlā (Burnt Mountain) located about four miles to the south, is often misidentified as Jabal al-Lawz by various authors such as Bob Cornuke, Ron Wyatt, and Lennart Moller as shown by local and regional maps. Mauro will be posting a website with a petition calling on the U.S. State Department and Saudi government to preserve the sites and have them put on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. Due to Saudi restrictions on visitors, the site is difficult to research and if the Saudi plans go through, it will be impossible. Newly discovered petroglyphs at the foot of mountain depict archers which Richardson claimed are based on a warning by Moses that anyone who set foot on the mountain would be shot with arrows. Another petroglyph depicts a seven-branched menorah which Richardson maintained indicates the ancient Hebrews visited the site. Consistent with the biblical account of water pouring out of the rock, there are clear signs of water erosion in an arid area where such erosion is evident nowhere else, said Richardson.
|RabbiHarry Moskoff, the author of theA.R.K Report, concurred that Mount Sinai is in Saudi Arabia but disagrees with the theory that Jabal al Lawz is Mount Sinai. Remi-Award winning Writer and Producer of The A.R.K. Report, Harry Moskoff is the Canadian-born Managing Director of Moskoff-Media (Israel), MMLC. His intense interest in biblical archaeology and politics has made him a prolific contributor to many Israeli publications and an internationally acclaimed expert on sacred Jewish artifacts (Roman period). He is also a TV Show Host in Israel and a member of the White House Press pool, as well as related working groups, attesting to his many years of work as a research analyst on the subject of the final status of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. Affiliates: International Center for Ethno-Religious Mediation (ICERM); Institute for Cultural Diplomacy (ICM)|
|Harry (Hirschel) Moskoff heads up the Israeli Advocacy firm Moskoff-Media, MMLC which incorporates biblical archaeology, journalism and film to counter propaganda in the media|
“The theory that Jebel al Lawz is the location of Sinai is very low on Biblical facts,” Moskoff toldBreaking Israel News. Moskoff explained that the theory was first made popular by a book, The Gold of Exodus, published 20 years ago. “Other researchers followed that lead but there were a lot of errors in that theory. In order to research this subject, it is necessary to go back to the original sources which are Biblical and Jewish.”—- As an example, Moskoff pointed out thatCornukebased his theory on the Hebrews leaving Egypt 19 days before crossing the sea. “I don’t know where he gets 19 days from,” Moskoff said. He citedSeder Olam Rabbah, a 2nd-century CE Hebrew-language chronology detailing the dates of Biblical events from the Creation to Alexander the Great’s conquest of Persia. “The Seder Olam Rabbah states explicitly that it was seven days until they arrived at the sea.”
TheJews reduced the true age of the earth of 5554 BC down to 3761 BC and Herold Camping increased it 11,013 BC. 3. TheSederOlamRabbah is a corrupt chronology by Rabbi Yose ben Halafta invented 140-160 AD that dates creation to 3761 BC with the primary goal of disconnecting Jesus Christ as the Jewish Messiah.
Jews today reject their own Tanakh (Masoretic Text, MT) and follow the Seder Olam Rabbah chronology. Christians are almost universally ignorant of the existence of this document and Jewish Rabbis today want to keep it that way. For example, while Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias often reference Olam Seder, the are ZERO (none) entries as a topic of central discussion. This contributes to the overall mystery and ignorance of the Seder Olam for non-Jews. Further, it is almost impossible to find the English text of Seder Olam Rabbah anywhere, which is why we published, for the first time in history, the entire English text of Seder Olam Rabbah on this page belowfor all to read first hand and witness its shocking distortions of world history.
Moskoff noted that in many cases, sites of Biblical importance were usurped or disrespected. “There is a bit of tension between the religions when dealing with sites of Biblical importance,” Moskoff said. (ya think? Everyone wants to prove their way is the right way. But there is ONLY ONE TRUTH! GOD’s WAY) He noted that the site of Christian researchers do not typically refer to Jewish sources. (That is because the Jews have been trying to stamp out TRUTH and Christianity for centuries!) Moskoff noted the irony in the religious division over the site since Jethro, Moses’ non-Jewish father-in-law, joined the Hebrews at Mount Sinai. This particular multi-faith aspect of Sinai is described in the section of the Torah being read by Jews around the world this week. “There are monasteries and mosques at most of the holy sites as well,” Moskoff noted. “This may be a religious conflict but it may also be just staking out territory. The Palestinians are staking out territory, trying to take over all of Israel. For the Christians, it is theological. Ideally, it should not lead to a monopoly by one religion and the exclusion of all others.” (It should not be about religion at all. It should be about TRUTH! If the truth excludes anyone, oh well. The TRUTH is all that will stand in the end!) Neom was slated to be completed in 2025 but construction has stalled, if not from heaven then due to political entanglements. Bin Salman’s government was accused of murdering a journalist, Jamal Khashoggi. The crown princeadmitted in 2018 that, as a result of the ensuing scandal, “No one will invest [in the project] for years.”
PROBLEMS WITH MT. SINAI IN SAUDI ARABIA
Compiled by Brad C. Sparks
W. A. Bartlett 1848, St. Catherine’s Monastery and Mt. Sinai
THIS ARTICLE LISTS 20 ISSUES THE WRITER FINDS WITH THE LOCATION OF MT SINAI BEING IN SAUDI ARABIA. To visit the website and read the article click HERE
Jebel al-Lawz is unquestionably an interesting archaeological site worthy of further investigation, if Saudi authorities will allow it. The identification of this site as the true Mt. Sinai needs to overcome a host of problem areas outlined above. I remain interested in reviewing the evidence for this site and am in the process of gathering further data.
© Copyright 1990-2001 by Brad C. Sparks All rights reserved.
On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone forth out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai. And when they set out from Rephidim and came into the wilderness of Sinai, they encamped in the wilderness; and there Israel encamped before the mountain. And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel: You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself. Now therefore, if you will obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my own possession among all peoples; for all the earth is mine, and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.” … And the LORD said to Moses, “Lo, I am coming to you in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and may also believe you for ever.” … “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments, and be ready by the third day; for on the third day the LORD will come down upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. And you shall set bounds for the people round about, saying, `Take heed that you do not go up into the mountain or touch the border of it; whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death; no hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.” So Moses went down from the mountain to the people, and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments. And he said to the people, “Be ready by the third day; do not go near a woman.” On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God; and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain. And Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire; and the smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder. And the LORD came down upon Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain; and the LORD called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up…And the people stood afar off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was. (Exodus 19-20)
The location of Mount Sinai was clearly explained in the 4thcentury AD by Christian scholar, Eusebius of Caesarea (AD260/265-339/340) and reiterated by theologian Saint Jerome (ca. AD 347-420) (Eusebius et al. 2003). In modern terms, they placed it east of the Gulf of Aqaba in northwest Saudi Arabia, in the vicinity of ancient Midian. Eusebius recorded thatMadiam(Midian)–
…is a city… [that] lies beyond Arabia to the south in the desert of the Saracens, east of the Red sea. From this they are calledMadianites, and it is now calledMadian(ibid. 70).
He went on to defineHorebas–
the mountain of God in the land of Madiam. It lies beside Mount Sinai beyond Arabia in the Desert (ibid. 95).(Video) Why Saudi Arabia Is Building a $500B Mega City - Neom
Unfortunately, these descriptions have generally been misunderstood or ignored due to confusion about the “Arabia” term. However, Eusebius’ definition of “Arabia” is easily explained using the Renaissance-era map inFigure 1. It is based on the ca. 150 AD work of the Greek Geographer Ptolemy, who compiled the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century AD Roman Empire. Looking at the map, Eusebius lived on the Mediterranean coast inCaesarea(green arrow), inPalestine(red-brown area). Jerusalem is circled (green). The white area belowPalestineis “Arabia Petraea.” The brown area belowArabia Petraeais “Arabia Felix.” Ptolemy definedArabia Felixas lying east of the modern Gulf of Aqaba, south of its terminus atElath(Elana,Aqaba):
[It is] terminated on the north by the designated border of Arabia Petraea… [and begins] from the terminus of the Arabian gulf near the Elanite bay (Stevenson 1932, 137).
The “Elanites Sinus” inFigure 1is a distorted Gulf of Aqaba with its head or terminus is at “Elana” (blue arrow). The white area ofArabia Petraeaends at this point. The locale of Midian withinArabia Felixcan be inferred from the Ptolemaic towns ofMacnaandMadiama(red arrows) which correspond with the historic Midian towns ofMaqnaandAl-bad’, the latter being theMadyanof the medieval Arab geographers. Midian was also placed inArabia Felixby the 1st-century AD Jewish historian Josephus (AD 37-ca. 100) (cf.Ant. I.xv.1 andAnt. II.xi.2). Hence, the “Arabia” of Eusebius’ is logicallyArabia Petraea, if Midian was located “…beyond Arabia to the south in the desert of the Saracens, east of the Red sea” (Eusebius et al. 2003, 70). More specifically, it could have been the RomanProvincia Arabiaportion ofArabia Petraea, which was created when the Romans annexed the Nabataean kingdom in AD 106 as a frontier province (Bowersock 1971 & 1983). What about “the desert of the Saracens”? The southeastern frontier ofProvincia Arabiawas guarded by the Roman line of fortifications called theLimes Arabicus. The purpose of theLimes“was to control the movements and raids of nomadic Arab tribes migrating northwest from the Arabian Peninsula into the Empire” (Parker 1982, 1). These peoples were frequently referred to as “Saracens” (Retso 2005). Returning to Eusebius’ definition of Horeb as:
the mountain of God in the land of Madiam. It lies beside Mount Sinai beyond Arabia in the Desert (Eusebius et al. 2003, 95)
it can be stated that Mount Sinai was in or near Midian. In Eusebius’ Greek manuscript,Horebwas described as being in the “outlying countryside [Greek:chora] of Madiam…” (Kerkeslager 1998, 197). “Eusebius’s use ofchora, a word that sometimes refers to the outlying countryside dominated by a city, suggests that he believed that Mt. Horeb was in the immediate environs of Madiam.” (ibid.) Two other historians gave useful specifics about Mount Sinai, Philo (ca 20 BC- AD 40) and Josephus (ca AD 37-100). Philo (inMosesII.xiv.70) described the mountain of God as “the loftiest and most sacred mountain in that district…a mountain which was very difficult of access and very hard to ascend.” Josephus said that “the mountain called Sinai…[was] the highest of all the mountains thereabout, and the best for pasturage, the herbage being good there; and it had not been fed on upon, because of the opinion men had that God dwelt there, the shepherds not daring to ascend up to it…” (1960,Ant. II.xii.1). Josephus later reiterated: “…mount Sinai…is the highest of all the mountains that are in that country” (ibid. III.v.1). If we are looking for the tallest mountain in the Midian region. it is easy to point out theJabal al-Lawzrange, which has the tallest peak in northwest Arabia at 8465 feet (2580 m). The antique map inFigure 2displays just such a location for Mount Sinai relative to Midian (red arrows). The map was drawn before the position of the modern Gulf of Aqaba was understood.
NOTES: A careful reading of the Hebrew biblical text shows that Horeb was not a mountain per se, but rather the region in which Mount Sinai was located. In other words, Sinai was a mountain in Horeb. REFERENCES: Bowersock, G.W. 1971. A Report on Arabia Provincia. The Journal of Roman Studies 61: 219-242. ______. 1983. Roman Arabia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Eusebius, of Caesarea; Jerome, Saint; G S P Freeman-Grenville, Rupert L Chapman, Joan E Taylor. 2003. The Onomasticon: Palestine in the Fourth Century A.D. Jerusalem: Carta. Josephus, Flavius. 1960. Josephus Complete Works, trans. William Whiston. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel. Kerkeslager, Allen. 1998. Jewish Pilgrimage and Jewish Identity in Hellenistic and Early Roman Egypt. In Pilgrimage and Holy Space in Late Antique Egypt, ed. David Frankfurter, 99-225. Boston: Brill. Parker, Thomas S. 1976. Archaeological Survey of the Limes Arabicus: A Preliminary Report. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 21:19-31. ______. 1982. Preliminary report on the 1980 Season of the Central Limes Arabicus Project. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 247: 1-26 Retso, Jan. 2005. The Arabs in Antiquity: Their History from the Assyrians to the Umayyads. New York: Routledge-Curzon. Visscher, Nicolaes. 1690. Nova Persiae, Armeniae, Natoliae, et Arabiae Stevenson, Edward Luther, trans., ed. 1932. Claudius Ptolemy The Geography. New York: New York Public Library.
By Jennifer Bartlett
Apostle Paul Points to Sinai’s Location in Galatians 4:25
“…Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia…” Galatians 4:25 is part of a somewhat complex theological analogy in which Paul is comparing the letter of the Law and the grace of God. His illustration contrasts the first two sons of Abraham— Ishmael and Isaac—and their respective mothers, and he mentions two locations: Mount Sinai in Arabia, and Jerusalem. While the particulars of the theological argument could fill pages, what we want to zoom in on is that Paul’s analogy is rooted in a simple geographical assertion: Mount Sinai is in Arabia.
What Were the Boundaries of Traditional Arabia?
Some followers have hastily assumed this implies modern-day Saudi Arabia.Others have countered by insisting that “Arabia” referred to a larger area in Paul’s day, which encompassed both the traditional site of Mount Sinai in the southern portion of the Sinai Peninsulaandthe more recently popularized site of Jebel al-Lawz in the northwest corner of Saudi Arabia. So much for simplicity! Far from resolving the debate, this seems to be just one more reason for proponents of their pet mountains to hurl scorn at each other, or for die-hard agnostics to shrug in hopeless resignation to perpetual uncertainty. Is there any historical evidence which might resolve this dispute of the ages?
Ancient Greek Historian Describes “Arabia” Without Traditional Sinai Peninsula
Well, maybe not conclusively, but let’s blow the dust off of the writings of Agatharchides of Cnidus, a Greek historian and geographer whose works have been lost to the throes of time, except for a handful of passages preserved by later historians, such as Diodorus (49 BC) and Strabo (15 AD). In 169 BC, Agatharchides composed a work entitled,On the Erythraean Sea(commonly translatedRed Sea), in which he demonstrates an understanding of “Arabia” thatexcludesthe Sinai Peninsula.
In his work, he focuses instead on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba, which he called the Laeanites, “around which there are many villages of the so-called Nabataean Arabs. They occupy much of the coast and not a little of the adjacent country which extends into the interior and contains a population that is unspeakably great as well as herds of animals that are unbelievably numerous.”This sounds like Midian. Could these Arabs also be Midianites?
Local Gerrhaean and Minaean Trade Route
Agatharchides of Cnidus observes that along the coastline, one can draw a line to “the so-called Rock[Petra] and Palestineto which the Gerrhaeans, Minaeans and all the Arabs, whose settlements are nearby, bring frankincense, as is the report, together with cargoes of incense from the upper country.”
Descendants of Abraham Flourished East of the Gulf of Aqaba
This placement of Petra and the Nabataean traders in the region between the eastern coast of the Gulf (of Aqaba) and Petra is consistent with the accounts of other authors and details in Scripture. The first-century historian Josephus associates the Nabataeans with Nebaioth, the firstborn son of Ishmael (Gen. 25:13). According to theLexham Bible Dictionary, “Prior to occupying Petra, the Nabataeans were a nomadic people. They flourished in Petra during the late Hellenistic and early Roman periods. Before the arrival of the Nabataeans, the region had been part of Iron Age Edom.”The biblical account agrees; Nabataean Petra, which is called “Sela” in Scripture, is indeed associated with the Edomites in2 Kings 14:7. This is no coincidence; Esau (of biblical Edom [Gen. 32:3]) had married his cousin, the daughter of his uncle Ishmael and the sister of Nebaioth (Gen. 28:8-9); the Edomites and Ishmaelites were now inextricably entwined.
Ishmaelites and Midianites Intertwined in Petra
But how does Midian fit into the drama? InGenesis 37:25-28, “Ishmaelites” and “Midianites” seem to be used interchangeably to describe the traders who bought Joseph from his brothers and sold him to Potiphar in Egypt. It turns out that Midian is another uncle of Esau, born to Keturah, whom Abraham married after Sarah died, and along with Ishmael, Abraham “sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward to the east country.” (Gen. 25:1-6). Petra and the east coast of the Gulf of Aqaba are in fact east of Canaan.
Family Groups’ Settled Location Supports Sinai in Saudi Arabia
To tie all of this to “Sinai in Arabia,” it is important to understand that Agatharchides identified the home of the Nabataean Arabs as the land which seems to include Midian, and Jebel al-Lawz is situated just east of the center of the Gulf, along whose eastern shore they teem. So, while this doesn’t conclusively prove that Jebel al-Lawz is the true Mount Sinai, it certainly meets the location requirements based on the interrelations of the family groups described in Scripture, and it would unquestionably fit Paul’s description of “Mount Sinai in Arabia”.
The REAL MT. SINAI Location, Another SATANIC NWO COVER-UP
A BIBLICAL site where God is claimed to have met Moses is set to bulldozed by Saudi Arabia to make away for a super city, it is feared.
By Henry Holloway Chief Reporter
- 12:45, 20 JAN 2019
- UPDATED11:58, 21 JAN 2019
MOUNT SINAI: EXPERT CLAIMS MOUNTAIN OF MOSES IS IN SAUDI ARABIA
Bible scholars have claimed there is evidence that suggests the peak Jabal al-Lawz in the Middle Eastern kingdom is actually Mount Sinai.
In the documentary titled Finding The Mountain of Moses: The Real Mount Sinai in Saudia Arabia, they lay out their case for Sinai and highlight the risk posed by Neom. Mauro said: “The Saudis are constructing a super city that is planned to be 33 times the size of New York. “If all of us don’t take action, Saudi construction in the area may destroy key evidence and prevent excavation for the foreseeable future.” The Sinai In Arabia project has been set up in bid to rally the Saudi authorities to preserve the sites for further investigation.
Neom was announced by crown prince Mohammed bin Salman in 2017 as part of a massive investment programme to reinvent Saudi Arabia. The $500 billion project was hoped to have its first sections completed in 2025 and the city would extend 286 miles along the coast of the Red Sea. Much of the investment was hoped to come from state oil firm Saudi Aramco, with there being plans for the city to be heavily automated using robots – and the name even means future and new in Greek and Arabic. Plans for the city have stalled however after the Saudi state were suspected in orchestrating the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi – with the crown prince admitting the “no one will invest in years”.
Doubting Thomas Research Foundation experts claim evidence around Jabal al-Lawz includes cave paintings of calves – matching up the with the Bible story of the golden idol. It is also claimed there is a “massive ancient graveyard” near the mountain, where the calf worshippers would have been buried after they were executed in the Bible. Ruined ancient structures on the site have also been claimed to be evidence of the Israelites time at the foot of Sinai, including what may have been the “12 pillars” described in the Bible. Fences have been set up around the mountain by the Saudi authorities marking it as an archaeological site, but their own experts dismissed claims Jabal al-Lawz is Mount Sinai.
Jabal al Lawz has previously been suggested as a candidate for the original Mount Sinai, and this claim been criticised by other historians. Professor James Karl Hoffmeier described “monumental blunders” as leading to the conclusion of the mountain being the one mentioned in the Bible. Creationist researcher Gordon Franz also dismissed the claim that Mount Sinai is in Saudi Arabia. He said: ”There is no credible historical, geographical, archaeological or Biblical evidence for the thesis that Mt. Sinai is at Jebel al-Lawz in Saudi Arabia.”