- Income Tax Calculator
Many taxpayers are confused between the old and new tax regimes. The new tax regime was introduced in Union Budget 2023. So, now individual taxpayers get to choose between the two regimes. New tax regimes offer lower slab rates but the taxpayer has to forgo most of the deductions and exemptions available under the old one. So, the taxpayer needs to decide on a tax regime. For making the decision you must thoroughly examine both existing and new tax regimes. You can estimate your income tax payable under both tax regimes using the new income tax calculator for FY 2023-24 in a few simple steps.
Check how much income tax you need to pay
- 1 Basic details
- 2 Income details
- 3 Exemptions
- 4 Capital gains
- 5 Deductions
- Below 60
- 60 - 80
- Above 80
- Self Owned
- Self employed
Other income details:
For self,family, parents
What you get:
Tax exemptions Taxable income Deductions
Tax exemptions Taxable income Deductions
Total invested Interest earned
What you get:
Select tax regime
- Old regime
- New regime
|Taxable income||Tax deductions||Tax payable|
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All You Need to Know about Income Tax Calculator
What is an Income Tax Calculator?
An income tax calculator is an online tool that helps you figure out how much tax you need pay under the old and new tax regimes in India. You would have to enter your basic information such as annual income and expenses such as rent, home loan EMIs, interest on education loans, tuition fees, tax-saving investments, etc., to get the results.
How to Use the ET Money Income Tax Calculator For FY 2023-24
This income tax calculator is very easy to use to instantly figure out tax on your income. Here are the steps:
Step 1: Basic details
In the first step, you need to add the essential details such as your age, earnings, the type of house you are living in, rent that you pay if you are living in a rented house.
Step 2: Income details
Now, add your income details, such as your basic, gross salary, and income from other sources, such as interest on deposits and rental income.
Step 3: Add your exemptions
Next, you need to add the exemptions such as HRA, special allowance, and EPF contribution.
Step 4: List down your capital gains
In this part, you can list down all the capital gains you have earned in the year through the sale of equity investments, unlisted shares, or debt investments.
Step 5: Add the deductions
In this step, you need to include the expenses and investments available for deductions such as ELSS, term insurance premiums, NPS, donations to charities etc.
After hitting "Continue", you will see your total taxable income and the total tax that you need to pay under the tax regime, you have chosen.
How to Calculate Income Tax?
- You can use our income tax calculator to estimate your total tax on income to figure out which tax regime you should choose.
Here are the steps for the income tax calculation formula as per the old income tax slab:
Step 1: Calculate your gross taxable income
To calculate your gross taxable income, you need to compute your net salary after subtracting your deductions, such as HRA, LTA, and standard deduction, from your gross salary.
Now, you need to add the net salary with other income from different sources, such as interest income, capital gains from investments, and rental income, to come to your gross taxable income.
Gross taxable income = Gross salary – HRA – LTA – Standard deduction + Income from other sources
Step 2: Calculate the total tax benefits
If you have made any tax-saving investments or are eligible for any exemptions, you need to compute the total benefits. You can cut your taxable earnings by investing in tax saving options such as Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS), and Public Provident Fund (PPF), available under section 80C of the Indian Income Tax.
Total tax benefits = Investments under 80C+ Health insurance premium + savings account interest + home loan interest + others
Step 3: Calculate the net taxable income
In this third step, you need to calculate the net taxable income. You can easily subtract the total tax benefits from the gross taxable income.
Net taxable income = Gross taxable income – net taxable income
Step 4: Calculate your total tax liability
If your total taxable income is less than ₹5 lakhs, you will get a rebate of ₹12,500 under section 87A. For individuals whose total taxable income is above ₹5 lakhs, the tax rate discussed earlier would apply.
If you are going for the new tax regime, the various deductions/exemptions such as HRA, and LTA would be taxable. In addition, you can’t avail of tax benefits by investing in tax-saving instruments and other deductions. So, your entire income would fall under income tax purview.
Let us take an example to see the difference between the old and new tax regimes.
Nehal works in Mumbai and gets a basic monthly salary of ₹1 lakh. Her employer offers an HRA of ₹50,000, a special monthly allowance of ₹20,000 per month, and a yearly LTA of ₹30,000. She stays in a rented house and pays a rent of ₹40,000 per month. Moreover, her additional income from capital gains and interest income is ₹1 lakh in the financial year.
Let us see her total tax liability under the old and new tax regimes.
|Nature||Amount(In one year)||Exemption/Deduction||Taxable Income (Old regime)||Taxable Income(New regime)|
|Gross Total Income from Salary||15,70,000||20,70,000|
|Other sources of income||1,00,000||1,00,000||1,00,000|
|Gross Taxable Income||16,20,000||21,20,000|
Now, let us compute the various tax-saving investments and the various deductions. She has invested ₹1.5 lakhs under the different tax saving options under section 80C, an additional ₹50,000 in NPS, and paid medical insurance premium worth ₹25,000 for herself and her spouse.
She also availed a tax deduction of ₹5,000 under section 80TTA against her savings account interest.
|Type of Tax exemptions/deductions||Amount of Tax exemptions/deductions|
|Under section 80CC(1B)||50,000|
|Under section 80D||25,000|
|Total tax deductions||2,30,000|
So, as per the income tax calculation formula, her total tax deductions for the financial year is ₹2,30,000.
As a result, net taxable income under the old tax regime would be ₹13,90,000, while for the new tax regime, it would be ₹21,20,000.
|Old Tax Regime|
|Gross Taxable Income||16,20,000|
|Total Taxable Income||13,90,000|
|Income tax slab||Taxable income||Tax rate||Tax (in ₹)|
|Up to 2.5 lakhs||Nil||Nil||Nil|
|Above 10 lakh||3,90,000||30%||1,17,000|
|Total Tax (A)||2,29,500|
|Health and education cess (B) (4% of A)||9,180|
|Total tax liability after 4% cess (A+B)||2,38,680|
|New Tax Regime|
|Gross Taxable Income||21,20,000|
|Total Taxable Income||21,20,000|
|Income tax slab||Taxable income||Tax rate||Tax (in ₹)|
|Upto 3 lakh||Nil||Nil||Nil|
|Above 15 lakh||620,000||30%||1,86,000|
|Total Tax (A)||3,36,000|
|Health and education cess (B) (4% of A)||13,440|
|Total tax liability after 4% cess (A+B)||3,49,440|
So, we can see that the total income tax liability for Nehal would be more if she opted for the new tax structure.
Simply put, individuals must calculate the tax payable under both tax regimes and decide which regime to select.
Also, the ability to switch between old and new tax regimes depends on the nature of the income. Salaried individuals and pensioners with no business income can switch between the two tax regimes every assessment year, depending on their financial status. If a non-salaried taxpayer chooses to transfer to the new tax regime in the current assessment year, they will only be able to do so once in their lifetime. They cannot choose the tax rates in the new regime once she has exercised their choice to return to the previous tax regime.
Income Tax Slab Rate FY2023-23 (AY 2023-24) Under the Old Tax Regime
To minimise your taxable income, you could claim tax exemptions on HRA and LTA, as well as deductions under other sections, such as Section 80C, 80D, and 80TTA under the old tax regime.
|Income Slabs||Income Tax Slab Rates for Individuals and HUFs Below 60 Years||Income Tax Slab Rates for Senior Citizens Aged 60-80 Years||Income Tax Slab Rates for Super Senior Citizens Over 80 Years|
Up to Rs. 2,50,000
Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 5,00,000
Rs. 5,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000
Above Rs. 10,00,000
There are a few other things to keep in mind about the former tax system:
A 4% health and education cess is applied to the tax amount.
Surcharge of ten percent of total income beyond Rs.50,00,000 and up to Rs. 1,00,00,000, and 15 % on income between Rs. 1 crore and Rs. 2 crore, 25% on income between Rs. 2 Crores to Rs. 5 Crores and 37% on income between Rs. 5 crore and Rs.10 crore and income exceeding Rs. 10 crore are applied as well.
Deduction/Exemption Allowed Under Old Tax Regime
Tax-saving deductions available under sections 80C to 80U of the Income Tax Act, 1961 must be filled out under the old tax regime. Before paying taxes, you can deduct these investments from your taxable income.
Here is a list of popular deductions and exemptions allowed under the old tax regime:
- For salaried individuals, the standard deduction is Rs 50,000
- LTA exemption for salaried individuals for travel purposes
- An individual or a HUF (Hindu Undivided Family) can claim a tax deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh under section 80C
- Medical expenses are eligible for a deduction under Section 80D
- The interest on a self-occupied home loan can be deducted up to Rs. 2 lakh
- Deduction for Higher Education Loan under section 80E
- Income tax deduction under Section 80G for charitable donations
- Tax deduction of up to Rs. 10,000 on savings account interest income
Income Tax Slab Rate FY2023-24 (AY 2024-25) Under the New Tax Regime
Most tax exemptions and deductions are no longer accessible under the new tax system.
|Income Slabs||Income Tax Slab Rates Under the New Regime for Individuals and Hindu Undivided Families|
Up to Rs 3 lakhs
Rs.3 Lakhs - Rs. 6 Lakhs
Rs. 6 Lakhs - Rs. 9 Lakhs
Rs. 9 Lakhs- Rs. 12 Lakhs
Rs. 12 Lakhs - Rs. 15 Lakhs
Above Rs. 15 Lakhs
Deduction/Exemption Allowed Under New Tax Regime
Following deductions are available under the new tax regime 2023:
- Section 24(b) allows for a deduction on interest paid on a home loan for a rented-out property.
- Employer contribution to NPS under 80CCD (1B) is available.
- Similarly, PPF and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana maturity proceeds and interest remain tax-free. The new tax law only eliminates deductions for investments for these two investment avenues.
- Transport allowances for disabled people.
- Conveyance allowance obtained to cover work-related conveyance expenses.
- Any remuneration paid to cover tour or transfer costs
- Indemnity paid daily to cover routine normal costs or expenses incurred due to absence from a regular place of duty.
- Expenses for additional employees are deducted under Section 80JJA
- Salaried individuals can also take a standard deduction of Rs.50,000 under the new tax regime. Previously this deduction was only available under the old tax regime.
- Contribution to Agniveer C
- Furthermore, Section 57(iia) was introduced under the new tax regime for claiming deductions related to income from family pensions. Now, you can claim a deduction of the one-third amount or 15,000, whichever is less.
- Corpus Fund is eligible for deduction under Section 80CCH.
Frequently Asked Questions
How much tax should I pay on my salary?
Tax payable on salary is based on your total taxable income after all the deductions and exemptions, the income tax slab you belong to, and the tax regime you have opted for.
When can I file my income tax returns?
Typically the last date for filing an income tax return is 31st July after the end of the financial year. But it may be further extended as per the government’s discretion. For Example, in the year 2022, the last date was unchanged, i.e., 31st July 2022. But in the year 2021, the last date was extended to 31st December 2021.
What is the difference between exemption and deduction?
Exemptions are a part of your income on which tax is not applicable. For example, a part of your LTA (Leave travel allowance) is considered an exemption. Deductions, on the other hand, are expenses that help you reduce your taxable income. For instance, you can claim your investments in ELSS, NPS, and PPF as deductions under Section 80C to lower your net taxable income.
What are the major tax provisions introduced in the budget for Individual taxation?
The major tax provisions introduced in the Budget 2022 are shown below:
- Taxpayers can file the updated return within two years from the last assessment year in which the return was filed.
- A surcharge of 15% is applicable on long-term capital gains on all assets.
- Now, both central and state government employees will be able to avail of a deduction of up to 14% on employer contributions towards NPS.
- Gifts in the form of virtual digital assets are now taxable in the hands of the receiver.
- Now, an individual has to pay a 30% tax on their income from digital assets like Crypto.
- You will also have to pay a 1% TDS (tax deducted at source) whenever you sell these virtual digital assets.
Which deductions/exemptions are not available under the new tax regime?
Under the new tax regime, all deductions under Chapter VIA such as 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD, 80D, 80DD, 80DDB, 80E, 80G, 80GG, 80GGA, 80GGC, are not available to the taxpayer. Also, the deduction for interest on housing loans under section 24 and the deduction on family pension income are not available under the new tax regime.
For salaried individuals, a statutory deduction of Rs.50,00 and exemption on allowances such as HRA and LTA are not allowed.
How will the new tax regime work for an individual?
Under the new tax regime, individuals can not claim popular deductions such as PPF, ELSS, insurance, etc. However, the slab rates are different.
Here is a comparison between the old and new tax slabs:
Old Tax Rates
New Tax Rates
0 – 2,50,000
2,50,000 – 5,00,000
5,00,000 – 7,50,000
7,50,000 – 10,00,000
10,00,000 – 12,50,000
12,50,000 – 15,00,000
15,00,000 & above
Is the new tax regime optional? Can I change the option once selected for any financial year?
Yes, the new tax regime is optional. You can opt for the new or old tax regime at the beginning of a financial year and cannot change it till the next financial year.
What details do I need to provide while e-filing my ITR?
Information required at the time of e-filling are as follows:
- Basic details such as PAN number, Adhar number, and Address
- Details of income earned from various sources such as salary, house property or any other sources.
- Proof of payment of any advance tax or TDS (Tax deducted at source) information
- Bank details held in the financial year
- Details of deductions to be claimed under Chapter VIA
Click here to know more about ITR e-filling.
Does everyone have to file their income tax returns?
If the taxable income of the individual exceeds the basic exemption limit of Rs.2.5 lakh in a financial year, then it is mandatory to file the income tax return.
What is the maximum non-taxable income limit?
The maximum non-taxable income limit is Rs 2.5 lakh. If your total taxable income is below Rs 2.5 lakh, then you are not required to pay any tax.
In case your total income is below Rs 5 lakh, then you are eligible for a tax rebate. Tax rebate under Section 87A of the Income Tax Act is the final reduction from your tax liability up to Rs 12,500 (i.e. 250,000 x 5%). So, on taxable income of Rs 5 lakh, the income tax outgo becomes nil.
How much taxes will I have to pay in 2023? ›
|Tax rate||Taxable income bracket||Taxes owed|
|10%||$0 to $11,000.||10% of taxable income.|
|12%||$11,001 to $44,725.||$1,100 plus 12% of the amount over $11,000.|
|22%||$44,726 to $95,375.||$5,147 plus 22% of the amount over $44,725.|
|24%||$95,376 to $182,100.||$16,290 plus 24% of the amount over $95,375.|
The 2023 tax year—the return you'll file in 2024—will have the same seven federal income tax brackets as the 2022-2023 season: 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37%. Your filing status and taxable income, including wages, will determine the bracket you're in.How to get the biggest tax refund in 2023? ›
- Try itemizing your deductions.
- Double check your filing status.
- Make a retirement contribution.
- Claim tax credits.
- Contribute to your health savings account.
- Work with a tax professional.
|If taxable income is over:||but not over:||the tax is:|
|$0||$22,000||10% of the amount over $0|
|$22,000||$89,450||$2,200 plus 12% of the amount over $22,000|
|$89,450||$190,750||$10,294 plus 22% of the amount over $89,450|
|$190,750||$364,200||$32,580 plus 24% of the amount over $190,750|
2023 Tax Bracket Changes
Broadly speaking, the 2023 tax brackets have increased by about 7% for all filing statuses. This is significantly higher than the roughly 3% and 1% increases enacted for 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Like the income tax brackets, the standard deduction gets an annual adjustment for inflation. But next year's bump is one of the biggest yet. The standard deduction is increasing by $900 to $13,850 for singles in 2023 and by $1,800 to $27,700 for couples.What is the standard deduction for seniors over 65 in 2023? ›
If you are at least 65 years old or blind, you can claim an additional 2023 standard deduction of $1,850 (also $1,850 if using the single or head of household filing status). If you're both 65 and blind, the additional deduction amount is doubled.How do I calculate my taxable income? ›
Learning how to calculate your taxable income involves knowing what items to include and what to exclude. Simply stated, it's three steps. You'll need to know your filing status, add up all of your sources of income and then subtract any deductions to find your taxable income amount.How do I get a $10000 tax refund 2023? ›
- Select the right filing status.
- Don't overlook dependent care expenses.
- Itemize deductions when possible.
- Contribute to a traditional IRA.
- Max out contributions to a health savings account.
- Claim a credit for energy-efficient home improvements.
- Consult with a new accountant.
Social Security benefits may or may not be taxed after 62, depending in large part on other income earned. Those only receiving Social Security benefits do not have to pay federal income taxes.
Will tax returns be bigger in 2023? ›
According to early IRS data, the average tax refund will be about 11% smaller in 2023 versus 2022, largely due to the end of pandemic-related tax credits and deductions.What is the IRS inflation adjustment for 2023? ›
Inflation last year reached its highest level in the United States since 1981. As a result, the IRS announced the largest inflation adjustment for individual taxes in decades: 7.1 percent for tax year 2023.Is there a limit on itemized deductions for 2023? ›
For 2023, as in 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019 and 2018, there is no limitation on itemized deductions, as that limitation was eliminated by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.What is the Social Security tax rate for 2023? ›
The OASDI tax rate for wages paid in 2023 is set by statute at 6.2 percent for employees and employers, each.What are the tax changes for seniors in 2023? ›
If you're 65 or older, your additional standard deduction increases from $1,400 to $1,500 if you're married and from $1,750 to $1,850 if you're single or the head of household. Marginal tax rates are the same in 2023 as in 2022. The lowest rate is still 10 percent and the highest is still 37 percent.Do senior citizens get a higher standard deduction? ›
Increased Standard Deduction
When you're over 65, the standard deduction increases. The specific amount depends on your filing status and changes each year. The standard deduction for seniors this year is actually the 2022 amount, filed by April 2023.
If you are age 65 or older, your standard deduction increases by $1,700 if you file as single or head of household. If you are legally blind, your standard deduction increases by $1,700 as well. If you are married filing jointly and you OR your spouse is 65 or older, your standard deduction increases by $1,350.What item should not be included in income? ›
Income excluded from the IRS's calculation of your income tax includes life insurance death benefit proceeds, child support, welfare, and municipal bond income. The exclusion rule is generally, if your "income" cannot be used as or to acquire food or shelter, it's not taxable.Does Social Security count as federal tax? ›
Some of you have to pay federal income taxes on your Social Security benefits. This usually happens only if you have other substantial income in addition to your benefits (such as wages, self-employment, interest, dividends and other taxable income that must be reported on your tax return).What income Cannot be taxed? ›
Nontaxable income won't be taxed, whether or not you enter it on your tax return. The following items are deemed nontaxable by the IRS: Inheritances, gifts and bequests. Cash rebates on items you purchase from a retailer, manufacturer or dealer.
Should I keep grocery receipts for taxes? ›
Supporting documents include sales slips, paid bills, invoices, receipts, deposit slips, and canceled checks. These documents contain the information you need to record in your books. It is important to keep these documents because they support the entries in your books and on your tax return.What tax deductions are no longer allowed? ›
One of the greatest changes brought about by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) is the elimination of many personal itemized deductions. Starting in 2018 and continuing through 2025, taxpayers will not be able to deduct expenses such as union dues, investment fees, or hobby expenses.Can I use credit card statements as receipts for taxes? ›
As long as the information is visible and legible, your scanned receipts and statements are acceptable as a proof records for the IRS purposes.Why is my 2023 refund so low? ›
The IRS previously forecast that refund checks were likely to be lower in 2023 due to the expiration of pandemic-era federal payment programs, including stimulus checks and child-related tax and credit programs.What is the largest tax refund? ›
Utah has the largest average federal tax refund. Note: This is based on 2021 IRS data for federal tax refunds issued. Utah's average federal tax refund for 2021 was $1,812.Will I get a bigger tax refund if I make more money? ›
Specifying more income on your W-4 will mean smaller paychecks, since more tax will be withheld. This increases your chances of over-withholding, which can lead to a bigger tax refund. That's why it's called a “refund:” you are just getting money back that you overpaid to the IRS during the year.What changes are coming to Social Security in 2023? ›
Social Security recipients will get an 8.7% raise for 2023, compared with the 5.9% increase that beneficiaries received in 2022. Maximum earnings subject to the Social Security tax also went up, from $147,000 to $160,200.At what age can you make unlimited money on Social Security? ›
You can earn any amount and not be affected by the Social Security earnings test once you reach full retirement age, or FRA. That's 66 and 4 months if you were born in 1956, 66 and 6 months for people born in 1957, and gradually increasing to 67 for people born in 1960 and later.How do I get the $16728 Social Security bonus? ›
To acquire the full amount, you need to maximize your working life and begin collecting your check until age 70. Another way to maximize your check is by asking for a raise every two or three years. Moving companies throughout your career is another way to prove your worth, and generate more money.How fast is the IRS processing refunds 2023? ›
More In Refunds
The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. However, it's possible your tax return may require additional review and take longer.
What will the tax brackets be in 2024? ›
|Taxable income||Taxes owed|
|$22,000 or less||10% of the taxable income|
|$22,001 to $89,450||$2,200 plus 12% of amount over $22,000|
|$89,451 to $190,750||$10,294 plus 22% of amount over $89,450|
|$190,751 to $364,200||$32,580 plus 24% of amount over $190,750|
|Tax Bracket||Tax Rate|
Through calendar year 2025, taxable ordinary income earned by most individuals is subject to the following seven statutory rates: 10, 12, 22, 24, 32, 35, and 37 percent.What are the new tax hikes for 2023? ›
How other tax provisions changed for 2023. The standard deduction also increased by nearly 7% for 2023, rising to $27,700 for married couples filing jointly, up from $25,900 in 2022. Single filers may claim $13,850, an increase from $12,950.What will be the final day of the 2023 2024 year for income tax? ›
2023 Tax Returns are due on April 15, 2024. Estimate and plan your 2023 Tax Return with the 2023 Tax Calculator. In 2022, tax plan your W-4 based tax withholding with the Paycheck Calculator so you can keep more of your hard earned money during the tax year.Will tax refunds be bigger in 2024? ›
The inflation-adjusted increases to certain tax credits, deductions, and tax brackets for next year could translate into larger tax refunds when folks file their taxes in 2024. The tax bracket ranges are increasing by 6.9% on average for the 2023 tax year, according to the National Association of Tax Professionals.What percent is Social Security and Medicare? ›
NOTE: The 7.65% tax rate is the combined rate for Social Security and Medicare. The Social Security portion (OASDI) is 6.20% on earnings up to the applicable taxable maximum amount (see below). The Medicare portion (HI) is 1.45% on all earnings.Does the standard deduction increase at age 65? ›
When you're over 65, the standard deduction increases. The specific amount depends on your filing status and changes each year. The standard deduction for seniors this year is actually the 2022 amount, filed by April 2023.What is the personal exemption for 2023? ›
As a single taxpayer, your standard deduction for 2023 is $13,850. Common itemized deductions that might take you over the $13,850 threshold include: Mortgage interest: You can deduct interest on a mortgage of up to $750,000 if you itemize your deductions.Is tax reform suspended until 2026? ›
Moving Expenses No Longer Deductible
The deduction for moving expenses has been suspended for most taxpayers for tax years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017 through Jan. 1, 2026.
What can decrease how much income tax you have to pay? ›
An effective way to reduce taxable income is to contribute to a retirement account through an employer-sponsored plan or an individual retirement account. Both health spending accounts and flexible spending accounts help reduce taxable income during the years in which contributions are made.What is the 2023 Social Security increase for 2023? ›
Social Security benefits and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments will increase by 8.7% in 2023. This is the annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) required by law. The increase will begin with benefits that Social Security beneficiaries receive in January 2023.